|Homeworld||Unknown, possibly Coruscant (generally accepted) |
|Language||Galactic Basic |
|Average Height||1.7 meters |
|Skin color||Pale to dark brown |
|Hair color||Red, blonde, brown, black (usually turning gray or white with age) |
|Distinctions||Bipedal mammalian primates, variations with ethnic origin |
|Average lifespan||Usually up to 100 standard years; ages up to approximately 800 have been reached among Force-sensitive individuals |
|Known Members||List of known Humans|
Humans are the most common race in the Galaxy today. Up till now it's still unknown where or how exactly they originated and were able to spread across most of the Galaxy.
Biology and Appearance
Although there are many planets in the galaxy which are generally populated only by humanoids, such as the Corellians and the Alderaanians, there are no biological differences between them. In general appearance, humans are bipedal and have two arms ending in hands with five fingers on each. Human skin tones range from nearly white, through shades of tan and brown, to nearly black. Human hair can range from a complete lack of hair through any shade and any style.
Like most of the galaxy's sentient species, Humans have a torso, two legs, two arms, and one head. Other sentient species with a body type roughly similar to Humans are often referred to as humanoid, since Humans are the most common example. Their heads have two eyes, one nose for breathing and smelling, and a mouth for eating, breathing and communicating. Human arms have five-fingered hands for manipulation, mirrored by their legs' five-toed feet. Also, like most species, they come in two sexes, male and female.
Unlike other mammalian species (such as Wookiees or Ewoks), they have only a light covering of body hair, with males being hairier than females. Most of their body hair is concentrated on the head and (in the case of adult males) face. This hair is grown, cut, and styled for aesthetic or ritualistic reasons (as with the elaborate hairstyles of the Royal Naboo and the traditional braids of Human Jedi Padawans.) Older Human males often demonstrate loss of the hair on their head. The facial hair grown by adult males can be grown, styled, or shaved completely.
Despite overall physiological uniformity, baseline Humans vary greatly in appearance. Their hair color ranges from blond to dark, sometimes with hues of red or brown, changing to gray or white as years pass. Their hair can be straight, wavy, or curly. Their eyes come in shades of blue, green, gray, or brown.
Gradiation of skin tone can also be seen among baseline Humans, usually limited to various shades of brown, ranging from pale yellowish brown to light brown and dark brown. Diversity in appearance is seen on many Human populations, and no particular features have been traceable to specific isolated communities on any locations. The planet Socorro is conceivably an exception, as most of its known Human inhabitants seem to possess dark skin and hair.
Society and Culture
Humans have always played a prominent part in the development of the galaxy and in galactic politics, not least because of the Empire's hatred of non-human races. They can be found anywhere, engaged in many different pursuits: Mercenaries, pilots, smugglers, merchants, Imperial recruits, assassins, farmers, crime lords, labourers and many others.
Humans are also naturally attuned to the Force, turning out more Force sensitive and Force users than any other species, with the possible exception of the Gand. Many famous Jedi, both of the Galactic Republic and under the Empire and the Alliance, were Human.
Having a recorded and civilized history reaching back far beyond the beginning of space travel, the origin and early history of Humans has been lost to their scientists in the depths of millennia. Whatever the original homeworld was, it is universally accepted that Humans evolved on one of the Core Worlds near the galaxy's center. Humans are among the few sentient species in the galaxy whose homeworld is unknown.
According to an inscription found quite recently, Humans originated on the planet Notron, an archaic name for Coruscant. The ancient Zhell nations, who drove the Near-Human Taung from Coruscant, may have been the progenitors of later Humans. Coruscant's ground has been several kilometers below its inhabitants' feet for millennia, with the lowest depths of its planet-wide city dating back to 100,000 BCGT. Thus, it is impossible to carry out the historical study and archaeological research on the planet's prehistory necessary to prove or to disprove that theory. In addition, Coruscant's natural climate is said to be too cold to support Human life, a claim difficult to be reconciled with the theory that it was the original Human homeworld. Tarnese Bleyd believes that the ancestors of Humans favored trees and high ground based upon his observations of human hunting behavior.
It is possible that some ancient civilization, such as the Celestials or even the Rakata, transported early Humans from their original home planet to others. It is, in fact, alleged that they had once been a slave race of the Infinite Empire; however, any knowledge of Human enslavement was absent from Rakatan records as of 3,956 BCGT. Some of the far-flung 'colonies' eventually diverged genetically from the Human baseline, giving rise to various Near-Human races and species.
During the Jedi Civil War, evidence was discovered that that the human species may have originated as slaves taken from that planet by the Rakata, the Tusken Raiders being the genetically distinct species that evolved from those who were left behind. The fact that the Sand People's legends indicate that the planet had once been far more temperate and habitable before an ancient war with the Rakata adds credence to this possibility. However, millennia of distortion introduced into the historical record combined with the Sand People's extreme hostility to the idea of introducing new interpretations into their oral tradition make it impossible to investigate this further.
Humans discovered space travel themselves, early in their history; in fact, they were already present on a few scattered colony planets of the Core Worlds even before the development of hyperdrive, thanks to the use of sleeper ships. Coruscant had grown to a planet-wide city and from there, they spread to such Core Worlds as Alderaan, Corellia, Corulag, and Chandrila.
During their early history, Humans seem to have been subjugated by the Rakatan Infinite Empire. Though some sources indicate that they were enslaved workers on Rakatan projects such as the Star Forge, the fact that the droids and computers Rakatan ruins on Dantooine dating from that era did not recognize the Human species point to the contrary.
After the fall of the Infinite Empire circa 25,200 BCGT, the Humans of the Core used Rakatan technology to set up a true interstellar civilization. At first, a network of hyperspace cannons linked Coruscant with other Human-populated worlds, as well as the Duros civilization. Corellian Humans were one of the first societies to develop hyperdrive starships sometime before 25,053 BCGT, spreading the technology to other Core Worlds. With the hyperdrive, their scouts and explorers traveled and met with other species, in a time known as the Expansionist Era.
The Human colonies, which had expanded through the Core Worlds through slower-than-light travel, later established daughter colonies of their own in what became the Colonies region. During the last pre-Republic years, Humans reached the Outer Rim and populated planets as far away as the Tion Cluster. The Tionese warlord Xim the Despot, whose conquests reached from the Cronese Sweeps to the Si'Klaata Cluster at the edge of Hutt Space, was one of the most prominent Humans of the pre-Republic period.
During the Expansionist Era, Humans began to play a dominant role in the development of the galaxy and in galactic politics. These Humans were eventually responsible for the Unification Wars, which resulted from their expansionistic views. The wars themselves led to the formation of the Galactic Republic, a galaxy-spanning affiliation of worlds and species. Though the Republic had many member species, most of the Republic's political, military, and economic leaders were Humans. Humans also made up a large proportion of the Jedi Order, and eventually came to dominate the Jedi's constant enemies, the Sith Order. By the end of the Old Sith Wars, Humans also made up the majority of the Mandalorian warrior culture.
Most Humans under the Republic and Empire live on predominantly Human worlds, although many Humans live alongside aliens on their homeworlds, or together with several other species. Humans are more likely to live among nonhumans on the cosmopolitan Core Worlds, or on frontier worlds at the Outer Rim of the galaxy such as Tatooine. Predominantly Human worlds outside of the Core include Eriadu, Naboo, Socorro, and Bakura.
Human population levels and significance inevitably led to a Humanocentric galaxy. Humanocentrism is pervasive and in many cases, subconscious. Humanocentrism was the source for the Human use of the term "alien" to describe nonhuman species. In some cases, this led to overt and even violent outbreaks of speciesism. Although explicit Humanocentrism is outlawed by the Rights of Sentience clause of the Galactic Constitution, Human-led companies such as Czerka Corporation enslave entire nonhuman species, while planets such as Taris reserve the best sections of the world for Humans and force nonhumans into ghettos. The majority of slaves in the galaxy are nonhumans.